Transcript là gì

You"ve probably heard of high school transcripts, but bởi vì you know what information they contain và why they"re so important for applying to lớn college?

This guide will explain what a high school transcript is, what exactly it includes, và why it is often the most important part of your college application.quý khách vẫn xem: Academic transcript là gì

What Is a High School Transcript?

A high school transcript is basically a record of your academic accomplishments in high school. It lists every class you took, when you took them, và the grade you received in each class, sometimes along with additional information such as standardized demo scores and any honors you received. Every person enrolled in high school has a high school transcript, which is regularly updated as courses are completed.

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There are two versions of your high school transcript: official & unofficial. The two versions will usually look very similar or identical in terms of nội dung, but an official transcript will often have sầu a seal or tamper-proof marks on it or will be inside a sealed envelope. This is so people reading the official transcript can be certain no changes were made khổng lồ it after it was released by the school và that the information it contains is 100% accurate.

Official transcripts often have sầu khổng lồ be sent directly to lớn by your high school in order lớn remain official, while a transcript you print or copy yourself will be unofficial. Most colleges require you to lớn submit an official copy of your high school transcript when you apply, but if you just want khổng lồ look at the information your transcript includes for your own personal use, an unofficial copy is fine.

Why Do You Need a High School Transcript?

So now you know what a high school transcript is, but why is it so important? High school transcripts are needed for several reasons:

#1: To Apply khổng lồ College

Your high school transcript is probably the most important part of your college application, simply because it contains so much information about you: the classes you took, when you took them, how well you did in them, etc. Colleges will look over your transcript very carefully when you apply, so it"s important to understvà what they"ll be looking for, which we"ll cover in the next section.

The majority of college applicants are high school seniors, and most of the college application advice out there is aimed at them. But what vày you do if you don"t fall into lớn this narrow category? Our eBook on how to prepare for & apply to lớn college as a nontraditional student will walk you through everything you need to lớn know, from the coursework you should have sầu under your belt khổng lồ how khổng lồ get letters of recommendation when you"re not a high school senior.


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#2: To Graduate High School or Transfer lớn a New High School

Before you head off to college, you, of course, need khổng lồ finish high school, và your transcript will be what your high school looks at lớn see if you can graduate. They will look lớn make sure you took enough credits, completed each of the graduation requirements, và passed the necessary classes. If you transfer high schools, your new school will use your transcript lớn determine the classes you completed & which classes you should enroll in. When changing schools, you will have sầu a transcript from each high school you attended, but your new school will also include information about the classes you took at your previous school, usually marking those classes as transfer credits.

#3: To Apply for Jobs

Some jobs require you to lớn submit your high school transcript when you apply so they can look at your grades or make sure you have sầu taken any classes they may require workers to lớn have passed.


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Grab a copy of your transcript & find the specific information mentioned as you read through the next part of this guide. If you don"t already have a copy of your transcript, ask your guidance counselor for one, or if you need more assistance, take a look at our guide lớn learn how lớn get your high school transcript.

What a High School Transcript Includes

Transcripts contain a lot of information, and at first glance it can be difficult lớn take it all in. This section will explain what a transcript includes, why this information is important, andways for you to lớn determine if you"re on trachồng for creating a svào one. The main components of a transcript are:

The Name of Each Course You Took in High School

Your transcript will list the course name for each class you took in high school, including whether you retook or dropped a class.

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The Grades You Got in Each Class

As well as providing the letter grade you got in each class you took, transcripts will also often include your GPA (weighted và unweighted) as well as your class rank, if your school has this.

Why Is This Important?It shows schools and employers how well you grasped the material in each of your classes and how well you can be expected to vày in future classes. This is very important information khổng lồ colleges because they want to accept students they feel will succeed in college classes.It allows colleges lớn compare your grades and GPA khổng lồ other applicants and their school"s average entrance GPA.Colleges often pay special attention lớn your grades that relate most closely lớn the subject you plan lớn major in.Class rank shows how well you did academically compared to the rest of your graduating class.Questions to Ask Yourself:Is your GPA cđại bại to the average entrance GPAs of the colleges you"re interested in?If you know what you will major in, bởi vì you have sầu svào grades in the classes that relate lớn that subject?Actions to lớn Take:Find specific colleges’ average entrance GPA on their websites, và see how your current GPA compares.If you want to lớn improve sầu your grades, concentrate particularly closely on the classes that relate most khổng lồ your future major.


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When You Took Each Class

The classes on your transcript are organized by date, with the classes you took first at the top, & your most recent classes at the bottom. Classes are grouped together by semester/trimester/quarter, depending on your school"s calendar.

Why Is This Important?It allows colleges lớn see the progression of your courses. Did you move from regular English your freshman year to honors English your sophomore year? Did you sign up only for easy classes your senior year? Colleges use that information to lớn help determine whether or not you challenged yourself each year of high school.It lets colleges và others see if và how your grades changed over time. Did you stumble a bit at the beginning of high school, but managed lớn raise your GPA after that? Were there any semesters where your grades were significantly lower than other times?Questions khổng lồ Ask Yourself:Have you been continuously challenging yourself with the classes you take? Does your transcript show this (such as honors or APhường classes)?Were there any periods in high school when you got lower grades than usual?Actions to lớn Take:Make sure you continue khổng lồ take challenging classes throughout high school, even during senior year, including honors & AP classes if possible.If there was a period of time when your grades dropped, and you have an explanation for it (illness, personal issue, etc.) attach a note khổng lồ your application describing the situation, & ask your guidance counselor to explain the situation in their letter of recommendation as well. Colleges can be very understanding about circumstances lượt thích that, especially if they see you made an effort khổng lồ improve sầu your grades afterward.

Behavior Record

Some transcripts contain information such as the number of absences you have sầu had và any serious disciplinary actions you have faced (such as suspensions, not minor issues lượt thích detention).

Why Is This Important?Colleges và employers want to lớn make sure they’re accepting people who are serious about their commitments and will get along well with others. If a student regularly didn’t show up for class or had a serious disciplinary action, they may be hesitant to lớn accept or hire them.Ask Yourself:Is there any evidence of discipline or frequent absences on your transcript?Actions to Take:If the above sầu applies to you, attach a letter to your application describing the situation and the ways you have sầu worked to improve yourself since then. Be sure to lớn avoid repeating the same mistakes.

Additional Information

Some high school transcripts contain additional information such as your scores for standardized tests, any honors or awards you received in school, và sometimes the volunteer work you did.

Why Is This Important?It provides more information about your accomplishments so schools và jobs can get a more complete picture of who you are.

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What"s Next?

Wondering whether your GPA is good enough khổng lồ get you inkhổng lồ the colleges you want? Check out our guide to figure out how svào your GPA is.

Unsure of where you want to lớn go lớn college? Learn how khổng lồ choose the best college for you!


Chuyên mục: Định Nghĩa